Top-10 Violations in Construction in 2018

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OHSA recently posted their Top-10 Violations in 2018.  The list below highlights the Top-10 Violations that were issued specifically in the Construction Industry.  

  1. 1926.501 – Fall Protection
    • 1926.501(b)(13) (4,577 violations) – fall protection in residential construction
    • 1926.501(b)(1) (1,126 violations) – unprotected sides and edges
    • 1926.501(b)(10) (596 violations) – roofing work on low-slope roofs
    • 1926.501(b)(11) (429 violations) – steep roofs
    • 1926.501(b)(4)(i) (117 violations) – protection from falling through holes, including skylights
  2. 1926.451 – Scaffolding
    • 1926.451(g)(1) (553 violations) – fall protection
    • 1926.451(e)(1) (413 violations) – providing access
    • 1926.451(b)(1) (333 violations) – platform construction
    • 1926.451(g)(1)(vii) (253 violations) – use of personal fall arrest or guardrail systems
    • 1926.451(c)(2) (147 violations) – foundation for supported scaffold poles, legs, posts, frames, and uprights
  3. 1926.1053 – Ladders
    • 1926.1053(b)(1) (1,605 violations) – extending portable ladder side rails at least 3 feet above upper landing surface
    • 1926.1053(b)(4) (373 violations) – using ladders only for purpose for which they were designed
    • 1926.1053(b)(13) (261 violations) – not using the top or top step of a stepladder as a step
    • 1926.1053(b)(16) (120 violations) – marking or tagging portable ladders with structural defects and removing them from service
    • 1926.1053(b)(6) (74 violations) – using ladders only on stable and level surfaces unless secured
  4. 1926.503 – Fall Protection, Training
    • 1926.503(a)(1) (1,286 violations) – training program for each employee who might be exposed to fall hazards
    • 1926.503(b)(1) (368 violations) – written training certification
    • 1926.503(c)(3) (113 violations) – retraining required when inadequacies in employee’s knowledge or use of fall protection systems or equipment indicate that the employee has not retained the requisite understanding or skill
    • 1926.503(a)(2) (85 violations) – training by a competent person qualified in specified areas
    • 1926.503(a)(2)(iii) (46 violations) – training by a competent person on fall protection to be used, including guardrail, personal fall arrest, safety net, warning line, and safety monitoring systems, and controlled access zones
  5. 1926.102 – Eye and Face Protection
    • 1926.102(a)(1) (1,475 violations) – ensuring that each affected employee uses appropriate eye or face protection when exposed to eye or face hazards
    • 1926.102(a)(2) (48 violations) – ensuring that each affected employee uses eye protection that provides side protection when there is a hazard from flying objects
    • 1926.102(a)(3) (4 violations) – employees that wear prescription lenses
    • 1926.102(b)(1) (2 violations) – protective eye and face protection devices must comply with any of the specified consensus standards
  6. 1926.20 – General Safety and Health Provisions
    • 1926.20(b)(2) (510 violations) – inspections of job sites, materials, and equipment by competent persons
    • 1926.20(b)(1) (447 violations) – accident prevention programs
    • 1926.20(b)(4) (15 violations) – only employees qualified by training or experience can operate equipment and machinery
    • 1926.20(b)(3) (6 violations) – tagging/locking controls of unsafe machinery, tools, materials, or equipment, or removing from place of operation
    • 1926.20(a)(1) (2 violations) – contractor requirements
  7. 1926.100 – Head Protection
    • 1926.100(a) (956 violations) – employees must wear protective helmets when working in areas with possible danger of head injury from impact, falling or flying objects, or electrical shocks and burns.
  8. 1926.453 – Aerial Lifts
    • 1926.453(b)(2)(v) (769 violations) – body belts and lanyards 
    • 1926.453(b)(2)(iv) (92 violations) – prohibition on sitting or climbing on edge of basket or using planks or ladders for a work position
    • 1926.453(b)(2)(vi) (16 violations) – boom and basket load limits
    • 1926.453(b)(2)(i) (6 violations) – daily testing of lift controls prior to use
    • 1926.453(a)(2) (4 violations) – field modification of aerial lifts
  9. 1910.1200 – Hazard Communication
    • 1910.1200(e)(1) (1,510 violations) – written hazard communication program
    • 1910.1200(h)(1) (1,170 violations) – employee information and training
    • 1910.1200(g)(8) (496 violations) – maintaining copies of Safety Data Sheets in the workplace and ensuring that they are readily available to employees
    • 1910.1200(g)(1) (331 violations) – having Safety Data Sheets in the workplace for each hazardous chemical
    • 1910.1200(f)(6)(ii) (196 violations) – labeling containers of hazardous chemicals with product identifier and words, pictures, symbols, or combination thereof
  10. 1926.502 – Fall Protection, Systems Criteria and Practices
    • 1926.502(d)(16)(iii) (94 violations) – rigging of personal fall arrest systems to prevent free fall more than 6 feet or contact with a lower level
    • 1926.502(d)(15) (92 violations) – anchorages for personal fall arrest systems
    • 1926.502(d)(17) (57 violations) – attachment points of body belt and harness
    • 1926.502(i)(4) (46 violations) – color coding or marking of covers
    • 1926.502(i)(3) (45 violations) – securing covers to prevent accidental displacement by wind, equipment, or employees

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